Cambodia's Second City Battambang is a classically quaint provincial capital - old-world architecture and even older pagodas set picturesquely along a river, and even though the city is one of the country's largest, it is still lightly touristed. In town, charming colonial-era buildings line narrow lanes, including the 'walking district' near the market where contemporary art galleries, local and foreign cafes, bars and shops inhabit the old shophouses. Battambang is a place to explore the architecture and budding art scene, check out the local cuisine, and to use as a base for excursions into the nearby countryside. Outside of town the scenery quickly becomes one of villages and rice paddies, offering an excellent opportunity to see a bit of rural Cambodia. The nearby countryside harbors several picturesque old pagodas, Angkorian era ruins, caves, mountains, waterfalls and the famous 'bamboo train'.