Angkor Wat, Siem Reap

Angkor Wat (Khmer: អង្គរវត្ត or "Capital Temple") is a temple complex in Cambodia and the largest religious monument in the world, with the site measuring  hectares (1,626,000 m2; 402 ac res). It was originally constructed as a Hindu temple of god Vishnu for the Khmer Empire, gradually transforming into a Buddhist temple towards the end of the 12th century. It was built by the Khmer King Suryavarman II in the early 12th century in Yaśodharapura (Khmer: យសោធរបុរៈ, present-day Angkor), the capital of the Khmer Empire, as his state temple and eventual mausoleum. Breaking from the Shaiva tradition of previous kings, Angkor Wat was instead dedicated to Vishnu. As the best-preserved temple at the site, it is the only one to have remained a significant religious centre since its foundation. The temple is at the top of the high classical style of Khmer architecture. It has become a symbol of Cambodia,appearing on its national flag, and it is the country's prime attraction for visitors.

Angkor Wat

Angkor literally means 'Capital.City ' Khmer refers to the dominant ethnic group in modem and ancientm Cambodia . In its modem usage .Angkor has come to refer to the capital city of the between the 9th and 12th centuries AD. as well as to the empir itself The temple ruins in the area of sie Reap are the remnants of the Angkorian capital .and represent the pinnacle of the ancient khmer architec - and civilization.

At its height. the Age of Angkor was a time when the capital area containet nore than a million people when khmer kings constructed vast waterworks. and grand temple .and when Angkor's military, aconnomic and cultural dominance held sway over the area of modem Cambodia as well as much of Thailand, Vietnam and Laos.

Angkor Wat

The First Century; Indianisation Southeast Asia has been inhabited since the Neolithic era , but the seeds of Angkorian civilization were sown in the 1st century AD At the turn  of the millennium. Southeast Asia was becoming a hub in a vast commercial trading network that stretched from the Mediterranean to China Indian and Chinese traders began arriving in the region in greeter numbers, exposing the indigenous people to their cultures . though it was Indian culture that took hold perhaps through the efferts of Brahman priests .Indian culture . religion (Hinduism and Buddihism ) law political theory , science and writing spread througe the region over a period of several centuries , gradually being adopted by exsting states and giving rise to new Indianised prince dome.

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